Given the conditions are met and the defendant party has filed a corresponding request, the court may order the plaintiff to provide security for party costs of the defendant. The conditions of such security may be met if:
a. plaintiff has no residence or registered office in Switzerland;
b. plaintiff appears to be insolvent, notably if plaintiff has been declared bankrupt or is involved in ongoing composition proceedings or if certificates of unpaid debts have been issued;
c. plaintiff owes costs from prior proceedings; or if
d. for other reasons there seems to be a considerable risk that the party costs (compensation) will not be paid (see Article 99 (1) CPC).